Title 22 training Orange, CA

The Hazard Communications Standards require all manufacturers and distributors of chemicals to provide an adequately authored Safety Data Sheet (SDS).

An SDS is a critical document providing guidelines and information about the chemical composition, transportation, associated use risks, storage, and best handling practices. A well-written SDS contains all the above information in a standardized format easy for the user to peruse and comprehend.

What Is in a Properly Authored SDS?

A properly authored SDS should contain 16 sections of comprehensive and accurate information to meet users’ needs in an emergency scenario. According to the Hazard Communication Standards, an importer or manufacturer should accompany any hazardous chemical with effective communication regarding the product.

The 16 sections of a properly authored SDS are as follows:

Section 1: Identification

The first section of the SDS has identifying information about your company and the particular product you are manufacturing, importing, or distributing. It also includes the supplier’s contact information, an emergency phone number, recommended use, and risks.

Example of SDS section 1:

Product Identifier (e.g., Name or Synonym)xxx
Company Details (e.g., Addressxxx
Hazardous Ingredientsxxx
Recommended Usexxx
Emergency Contactsxxx

Section 2: Hazard(s) Identification

This section includes pictograms and signals describing the hazard classification of the chemical following the GHS label elements. These include Danger, Warning, Caution, and Precautionary Statement (s).  

Section 3: Composition/Information on Ingredients

This critical section needs detailed identification of product ingredients, mixing ratios, and trade secrets. It’s where all components that make up your product, their chemical names, percentage concentration, and hazardous levels are documented.  

Section 4: First Aid Measures

This section requires simple directions on first-aid measures to be taken when exposed to the chemicals in the SDS. This may include prompts like:

Section 5: Firefighting Measures

This section outlines suitable fire extinguishing instructions in case of a fire outbreak and the hazards of chemical fire exposure. It also contains details on appropriate protective equipment for firefighters.

Example of SDS section 5:

Suitable extinguishing mediaWater spray, foam, or dry powder
Serious hazards from the chemical fireToxic fumes
Precaution for firefightersTake action with full protective gear

Section 6: Accidental Release Measures

This section explicitly shows procedures to take in the case of accidental leaks to the environment.

Example of SDS section 6:

Personal/Environmental PrecautionsVentilate spillage area
Containment and clean-up methodsCollect or routinely recover the spillage
Other InformationResidue disposal methods

Section 7: Handling and Storage

This section has practices to ensure the safe handling and storage of hazardous chemicals and ways to minimize environmental leaks.

Example of SDS section 7:

Measures for safe handlingWear protective gear, avoid eye or skin contact, use in a well-ventilated area, etc.
Storage conditionsStore in a cool, dry place with good ventilation.
IncompatibilitiesKeep far from flames or heat.

Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

The section contains information on maximum exposure levels and engineering measures in case of a spill. It includes what equipment the chemical handlers need and how much protection they offer against exposure. It also alerts handlers on the difference between the time of exposure and experiencing harmful damage.

Example of engineering measures to take:


Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties

This section requires you to provide empirical data entailing the physical and chemical properties of the substance.


Section 10: Stability and Reactivity

This section requires the stability of the chemical, measured by its ability to withstand various environmental conditions without changing to a hazardous component. Here you state the following:

Reactivity and stabilityNon-reactive under normal conditions.
Possibilities of reactionxxx
Conditions to avoidCheck recommended conditions

Section 11: Toxicological Information

This section provides comprehensive details on health hazards associated with the chemical, including:

Section 12: Ecological Information

Here, you include the severity of the chemical to aquatic life, the degradability rate, its mobility in soil, the PBT assessment results, and other necessary information.

Section 13: Disposal Considerations

It provides information on properly disposing of your product, including recommendations for specific waste treatment and disposal methods.

Section 14: Transport Information

The section details the appropriate transport means for the chemicals. It may be helpful for those who are shipping your chemicals or using them in bulk and require particular precautions.

Section 15: Regulatory Information

This section highlights all regulatory information for your product. It is optional and should only be used if your product has specific safety or environmental regulations that must be followed.

Section 16: Other Information

If there are any additional pieces of information you think would be helpful for your customers to know about your product(s), feel free to include them here. These details may include the preparation date or your product’s last revision.

What Is the Importance of Adequately Authoring an SDS?

Occupational hazards often happen in different workplaces, but the severity depends on what is being handled. Industries and institutions dealing with hazardous chemicals can experience spills and accidental exposure, and thus where a detailed SDS guideline comes in handy. The benefits include:

Contact ROI Safety Services Today!

Properly authored SDS documents can change how your product is handled and minimize casualties during and after a spillage. You have a duty to your workers and the environment to author a comprehensive SDS for their safety.

Our experts at ROI Safety Services are here to assist you in writing the most detailed SDS possible. Call us today at (714) 520-1608.

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